The first important step was taken in Moscow, the capital of Russia, within the framework of the aim of normalizing diplomatic relations between Turkey and Armenia. The special representatives of Turkey and Armenia, Serdar Kılıç and Ruben Rubinyan, held the first marathon talks for the normalization of relations, which were frozen in 1993 and which did not achieve any significant success despite the signing of the protocol in 2009.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs reported that the first talks between Kılıç and Rubinyan took place in a positive and constructive atmosphere. Noting that the special representatives exchanged preliminary views on the normalization process to be carried out through dialogue between Turkey and Armenia, the statement said, “The parties have agreed to continue the negotiations with the goal of full normalization without preconditions. The place and date of the second meeting between the Special Representatives will be determined later through diplomatic channels.” it was said.
RELATIONS WERE IN THE COLD!
Turkey, which recognized the independence of Armenia in 1991, ended the direct trade with this country upon its occupation of Azerbaijani lands in 1993, and the border between the two countries was closed and road, rail and air connections were cut. The dynamism in the relations between the two countries, which were put into the “deep freeze”, started in 2005, and in 2008, then Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan met with the then President of Armenia Sarkisyan. Although the “Protocol for the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations” and the “Protocol for the Development of Bilateral Relations” were signed on October 10, 2009, no steps could be taken for normalization.
Azerbaijan won the Second Karabakh War on 10 November 2020 with the support of Turkey. The result of this war changed the balance in the region. The call of Erdogan and Aliyev based on the “3 + 3” formula was to extend a hand of peace to Armenia. Following these developments, as a result of unofficial contacts, the stage of special representatives was initiated to normalize relations.
‘TWO BROTHER COUNTRIES IN GOOD DAY AND BAD DAY’
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs celebrated the 30th anniversary of the re-establishment of diplomatic relations with Azerbaijan. After Azerbaijan left the Soviet Union, diplomatic relations between Turkey and Azerbaijan were established on January 14, 1992, and the representative office, which served as the consulate general in Baku, was elevated to the level of the Embassy.
In the statement made by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs yesterday, the historical fraternal relationship between Turkey and Azerbaijan was emphasized. In the statement, it was reminded that Turkey has stood by its brother Azerbaijan, in good times and bad, for the past 30 years, and it was stated that this will, which shaped the relations that were raised to the level of alliance with the Shusha Declaration signed on June 15, 2021, will continue from now on. – ANKARA Nationality
RUSSIA AND EU WELCOME POSITIVELY
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov stated that they were pleased with the meeting on the normalization of relations between Turkey and Armenia and said, “Our role was to help establish a direct dialogue. I hope this will be successful.” “More concrete steps towards the normalization of relations will be a step towards the prospect of regional stability and economic development,” the European Union statement said.
‘WE ARE WAITING FOR THE BORDER TO OPEN’
Armenian Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Vaan Unanyan said in a statement before the meeting between the special representatives of Armenia and Turkey, “As a result of this process, we expect the establishment of diplomatic relations between Armenia and Turkey and the opening of the border that was closed by Turkey in the early 90s.”