The common cold is a chronic ailment that everyone succumbs to from time to time. Due to cold-flu viruses; complaints of nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing and even cough with malaise. Unfortunately, there is no miraculous treatment that can affect the common cold all of a sudden. Antibiotics, which are effective in bacterial infections, do not affect these viruses. The person usually sniffs constantly, self-medicates, and waits for the symptoms to subside. However, there are some precautions that can be taken in order to spend the cold a little more comfortably and not to contaminate the environment. In this way, the disease can be overcome even more quickly.
Stress can weaken the immune system and cause us to have easy colds and flu. Trying to stay away from all kinds of stress is also important in this respect. Think positive. It is very important to think positively; Studies show that the immune system works better in people who have a positive outlook on life. Thinking that our bodies are resilient and resilient can facilitate healing. Rest and relaxation is perhaps the oldest treatment recommendation for colds and flu. Keep yourself warm. In this case, unless it causes excessive sweating, the body’s immune system can focus its energy to use it in the fight against infection. Take a light, effortless walk. In this way, blood circulation is increased and it contributes to the arrival of white blood cells to the infection area. Short walks outdoors are better than sleeping under a duvet in a stuffy room. Pay attention to your diet. The metabolism of the body, which tries to take precautions against infection during a cold, should not be exhausted by foods that are difficult to digest. Low-fat foods, meat and dairy products, fresh fruits and vegetables should be eaten. Chicken soup relieves congestion by reducing the consistency of the secretion in the nose.
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In addition, especially hot chicken soup increases the production of secretion, helps to get the germs out of the body through sneezing and sneezing. Drink plenty of fluids. With 6-8 glasses of water, fruit juice, tea and other beverages, the fluid lost due to the common cold can be replaced. It also facilitates the removal of foreign substances from the body. Humidifying the air of the room with water vapor is a very good method. Do not smoke, stay away from smoking environment. Smoking or exposure to smoke can worsen the throat, which is already susceptible to infection. It has a negative effect on the cells that try to clean the germs from our respiratory tract against infection. Get enough vitamin C. It has long been believed to reduce coughing, sneezing and other symptoms. High-dose vitamin C can be used for a short time under the supervision of a doctor. However, in order to increase fluid intake, juices of fruits rich in vitamin C such as orange, tangerine, kiwi and grapefruit can be drunk. Cleanse your nose with salt water. It helps to reduce edema in the nose and reduce nasal congestion. It also provides mechanical cleaning of microbes. This type of salt water spray, which can be bought in pharmacies, can be used or simply prepared and used at home. After adding a teaspoon of pure salt to a glass of water and mixing it, it is dripped into the nose with nasal droppers to provide significant comfort. Ways to protect yourself from germs and prevent them from infecting those around you Wash your hands. Washing hands is very important in removing germs. Cold viruses are cleaned from the skin of the hands and fingers with soap and running hot water. Soap and detergents do not affect the cold virus; Viruses are mechanically removed from the environment by washing. Hand washing is very important after contact with a person or their belongings with a cold. Children, especially, should be advised to wash their hands when they come into contact with a sick person. Do not share cups or glasses. Disposable paper cups are successful in preventing the spread of microbes, especially in schools and workplaces. Use tissue paper. It is important to use the tissue paper once and throw it away; because the table, chair, chair, etc. The virus can be transmitted to another person by contact. Do not touch your eyes, nose and mouth. If you have come into contact with someone who has a cold, the person should not touch their eyes, nose and mouth. Advise your child to wash their hands frequently. Use paper towels. Paper towels should be preferred instead of cotton towels in the kitchen or other places, especially when you have a cold. Keep toys clean.
Toys can harbor germs. Toys should be washed regularly in hot, soapy water. Sneeze the other way. It is important to sneeze away from others or into a handkerchief. If you have covered your mouth with your hands, be sure to wash your hands afterwards. Let your children take this as an example. Ventilate your environment. Microbes hang in still air. The windows are cleaned when opened. Also, the room should be humidified. It is sufficient to put a wet cloth on the heater. Drying of the nasal mucosa is prevented. Cleanse the germs. Germs can survive for up to three hours on frequently touched surfaces such as doorknobs, handrails, light switches, telephones and remote controls. It is useful to occasionally wipe them with disinfectants. If the symptoms continue to worsen or do not go away, a physician should be consulted. Symptomatic treatment is applied in order to reduce the symptoms in simple colds without serious disease symptoms.
In addition, bed rest, taking plenty of fluids, gargling with warm salt water, pain relievers and fever reducers such as anti-inflammatory drugs and paracetamol are recommended. When there are flu symptoms, home rest is necessary. In addition to those used in the treatment of colds, antiviral drugs, which are rarely and when necessary, can be used to reduce the duration and severity of symptoms. These drugs are generally used for the elderly and patients with poor general condition who are at high risk of complications from the flu. In such cases, on the second day of symptoms, it must be started with the recommendation of the doctor. Antibiotics do not affect viruses. Prescription drugs, such as antibiotics, are prescribed after diagnosis by a doctor in cases of bacterial infection, such as otitis media and sinusitis. In simple cold and flu cases, the use of antibiotics is of no benefit, as it aggravates the functions of the patient’s liver and kidneys, and also causes microbes to develop resistance to antibiotics.