Unlike infancy, childhood is the period when the growth rate is slower, the child gains the habit of eating, learns to sit at the table by imitating his parents, and learns to eat on his own. In the study carried out by the World Health Organization (WHO) for the first time in Turkey, in the study conducted by the Ministry of Health, Ministry of National Education and Hacettepe University, one out of every four children in Turkey was 22.5%, 2 percent of the children were obese, due to lack of breast milk, insufficient milk intake and malnutrition. .3 of them are in the severely thin and stunted group.
Because children’s physiology is different from adults, their nutrition and nutritional needs are also different from adults. Foods that negatively affect the health of our children, especially in the growth and development period; high calorie, low in fiber, low in vitamin and mineral content; carbonated and sugary drinks; chips, chocolate, biscuits and cakes, fries, pastries are the foods we call ready-made foods and fast food. In addition, the diet products that families make their children consume with the fear that our children will become obese also negatively affect the health of children. When carbonated drinks, tea and coffee are consumed in large quantities, iron absorption in the body decreases and leads to iron deficiency. Sugary drinks, on the other hand, cause weight gain, especially because they cause excessive energy intake. Consuming fruit juices instead of fruits means that your child is deprived of fiber, viamin and minerals.
Foods consumed as fast-food, pizza, hamburger, hot dogs, doner kebab, are insufficient in terms of vitamins A and C and calcium, and their pulp content is quite low. Low intake of these vitamins leads to immune system insufficiency, frequent illnesses, increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and cataracts. Insufficient intake of calcium, especially in the growing period, negatively affects growth. The fact that fast-food products contain additives such as coloring, flavoring and flavor enhancers, improper use of these products and frequent consumption increase the risk of cancer in the long term. At the same time, the strong positive relationship between fast food consumption and weight gain and insulin resistance shows that fast food consumption increases the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes.
Recently, many mothers think that wholemeal bread is suitable for children. But unlike adult nutrition, wholemeal products negatively affect the development of children. Excess dandruff; It can increase the excretion of minerals that are important in child development such as iron and calcium. For this reason, the use of wholegrain products is not recommended in children’s nutrition until the age of 5 years. Likewise, families give light dairy products to their children. Light dairy products, which are healthy for adult nutrition, are not suitable for the development of children. Because children need saturated fatty acids for brain development and these fatty acids are not found in light dairy products. Do not forget that processed products containing additives adversely affect your child’s health.