According to research published in the Lancet Planetary Health journal, air pollution caused by coal and kerosene at homes in Africa in 2019 caused 697,000 deaths, and outdoor air pollution caused 394,000 deaths.
In the study, which was prepared using the data of the World Health Organization (WHO), the effects of diseases and deaths caused by air pollution on the economy were also included.
While the negative impact of air pollution on the Ethiopian economy in 2019 was 3 billion dollars, this figure was 1.63 billion dollars in Ghana and 349 million dollars in Rwanda.
In the study, it was stated that the increase in deaths due to outdoor air pollution is the most disturbing finding, and it was stated that this figure risks growing exponentially with urbanization in the continent.
In the study, which drew attention to the increase in the use of fossil fuels due to both industrialization and urbanization, it was noted that the population of the continent is expected to increase by 3 times from 1.3 billion to 4.3 billion by 2100.
On the other hand, it was emphasized that deaths due to air pollution are currently the second leading cause of death after AIDS.
In the study, it was emphasized that there is an epidemiological transition from “communicable” diseases to “non-communicable” diseases in the continent, where deaths due to diseases such as AIDS and malaria have decreased.