Gastroenterology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Özlem Mutluay Soyer made a statement about the diagnosis and treatment of iron deficiency. Soyer said, “Anemia is the reduction of red blood cells called red blood cells in the blood. Iron is required for the production of red blood cells. 60-70 percent of the iron in our body is located in red blood cells. In iron deficiency, there is a decrease in the number of red blood cells and anemia occurs. Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia. About 1/4 of the world’s population has iron deficiency. Children, pregnant women, women of childbearing age and the elderly are at risk for iron deficiency.
Assoc. Dr. Özlem Mutluay Soyer said, “Weakness, fatigue, shortness of breath, palpitations, dizziness, tinnitus, and hair loss can be seen in individuals with iron deficiency. In some patients, pica, that is, a desire to eat against non-nutritional substances (soil, ice, etc.) may be seen.
Stating that the missing iron is reinforced externally, Assoc. Dr. Soyer said, “The most common mistake made in these patients is not investigating the cause of iron deficiency. The cause must be investigated in a patient with iron deficiency. There are 3 main causes of iron deficiency: Insufficient intake of iron in the diet, insufficient iron absorption from the digestive system or blood loss.
Atrophic gastritis, celiac disease are important diseases in which iron absorption is insufficient. Gastric ulcer, esophagitis, esophagus, stomach, small or large intestine cancer, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, stomach or intestinal polyps, intestinal parasites, presence of diverticula or hemorrhoids, vascular lesions in the digestive system, blood loss and digestive system that may cause iron deficiency are problems. Iron deficiency anemia may be seen due to the development of erosion and ulceration in the stomach in patients using aspirin and some painkillers. Especially in male patients and postmenopausal women, iron deficiency usually occurs due to blood loss. In these patients, gastroscopy and colonoscopy should be performed with digestive system screening.
Assoc. Dr. Özlem Mutluay Soyer said, “In the patient with iron deficiency anemia, the empty storage iron should be supplemented. Intravenous iron therapy should be planned in patients who cannot tolerate oral iron therapy or have severe iron deficiency or in the presence of digestive system disease that prevents iron absorption. It is imperative that the disease that causes iron deficiency be investigated, found and treated.