The World Health Organization (WHO) announced that approximately 400 million people worldwide are infected with chronic hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C viruses. Stating that the first way to prevent hepatitis infection, which can lead to life-threatening liver failure and cirrhosis if not treated, is to be vaccinated, Gastroenterology Specialist Prof. Dr. Melih Karncaoğlu “We call everything that causes liver inflammation hepatitis. Although there are many causes, the most common is viral hepatitis. The most important condition for protection is vaccination in childhood. Childhood vaccination is routinely done in health centers. While pregnant, mothers should be checked for hepatitis B. Apart from this, attention should be paid to contact with products containing blood. For example, if you do not pay attention to hygiene and blood products while getting tattoos, in the barbershop and in the dental clinic, contamination can occur.” he said.
Underlining that hepatitis B was detected late because it did not show any symptoms for many years, Prof. Dr. Karncaoğlu said, “Usually, if there is no vaccination, if there is contamination in the environment or if the mother has a disease; It is taken in childhood and when taken in childhood, the infection continues for many years without causing too many complaints. It forms a process leading to cirrhosis between the ages of about 20 and 40 years. During this period, symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, easy fatigue, accumulation of water in the abdomen, and esophageal bleeding may occur with symptoms indicating cirrhosis. said.
Saying that although there are drugs that will prevent the virus from multiplying, there is no drug that will completely eliminate the disease. Dr. Karncaoğlu drew attention to the importance of having childhood vaccinations and complying with hygiene rules.