The province of Turkestan, which has a history of about 2 thousand years, became the capital of the Kazakh Khanate.
Turkistan, where Hodja Ahmet Yesevi, the spiritual leader of the Turkic world, also lived, also served the Islamization process in Central Asia.
Located on the route of the historical Silk Road
Turkistan Province, with its population of more than 2 million, is located on the route of the Historical Silk Road that connects Europe and Asia.
Turkestan, which has been the pulse of the spiritual, political and commercial life of the Historical Silk Road for centuries, started to revive in 1991 when Kazakhstan declared its independence.
Achieved centralized status with the decision of Nazarbayev
The province of Turkistan gained centralized status with the decision taken by the founding President Nursultan Nazarbayev on June 19, 2018.
At the Informal Summit of the Turkic Council Heads of State to be held on March 31, 2021, it is planned to give Turkistan the status of “Spiritual Capital of the Turkic World”.
Turkistan has important elements that unite the Turkic world and its peoples
Hoca Ahmet Yesevi International Turkish-Kazakh University Faculty Member and President of the Center for Yesevi Studies Prof. Dr. Dosay Kenjetay emphasized the importance of the province of Turkistan for the Turkic world.
Kenjetay said that Turkistan, where the tomb of Hodja Ahmet Yesevi is located, was given the nickname “Piri Turkistan” and that the city deserves its “duty as the spiritual capital of the entire Turkic world”.
Pointing out that Turkistan has important elements that unite the Turkic world and its peoples, Kenjetay said, “There was an understanding that the place where the tombs of saints are located was the capital at the time. Because the capital means the door to the truth. Therefore, in Hoca Ahmet Yesevi Tomb, about 30 Kazakhs, 50 More than ‘gentlemen and heroes have been buried. ” used the expressions.
“We aim to make it the center of spiritual and cultural tourism”
Provincial Governor Ömirzak Şükeyev told reporters from Turkic-speaking countries that since 2018, Turkistan has been built not only as a provincial center, but also as a spiritual and cultural center of the Turkic world.
Şükeyev stated that in addition to the Tombs of Hoca Ahmet Yesevi and Arslan Baba in the state, ancient cities such as Otrar and Sauran are included in the “UNESCO World Heritage List” and that they aim to make Turkistan a center of spiritual and cultural tourism.
3.5 billion dollars investment was made in Turkistan in 3 years
Deputy Governor of Turkistan Province Meircan Mırzagaliyev noted that foreign direct investments worth a total of 3.5 billion dollars have been made in Turkistan in the last 3 years.
Mırzagaliyev, underlining that the majority of important projects in Turkestan are undertaken by Turkish companies, “More than 100 investment projects have been activated so far. As you can see, life is boiling in the city. Infrastructure and commerce are developing.” said.
Stating that a Free Economic Zone was established in Turkistan, Mırzagaliyev also shared the information that investors who want to establish facilities in the region are exempted from taxes such as land, property and customs.
The historical Silk Road is reviving
Efforts are underway to revive the historical Silk Road corridor in Turkistan. The International Turkistan Airport, which was opened on December 1, 2020, plans to host 3 million passengers per year, while the Turkistan International Bus Terminal, which was built from scratch, provides the opportunity to travel by bus not only in the country but also in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.
Authorities aim to start the construction of the high-speed railway line between Kazakhstan’s Turkestan city and Uzbekistan’s capital Tashkent this year.
Traditional motifs attract attention in New Turkestan architecture
The general plan of the new Turkistan, which is built on an area of approximately 22 thousand hectares, consists of three sections, including business and public buildings, spiritual center, housing and industrial areas. In addition to the open-air museum and theater, 5-star hotels also serve in the city. Eastern and traditional Kazakh motifs draw attention in the architecture of New Turkistan.