Every year at 5 past 9 on November 10, sirens are sounded in Turkey and life stops for a minute. Here is what happened in that dark day and hour, 10 November 1938, at five past nine, that Turkey remembers over and over again by sounding the sirens with sadness and longing for 81 years, stopping life for a minute…
WHY ARE SIRENS BALLING ON 10 NOVEMBER?
The sounding of the siren on 10 November Atatürk’s Commemoration Day is a sign of love, respect and gratitude to Atatürk. The siren sound that comes after 9.05 hours heralds a minute of silence. Siren sounds, on the other hand, come from the loudspeakers of the municipal buildings, school buildings or the administrative units of the province.
WHAT HAPPENED ON NOVEMBER 10?
Health problems of our Great Leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk started to become more frequent as of 1937. In the early days of 1938, the year of his death, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was diagnosed with cirrhosis. In addition to Turkish doctors, specialist doctors were brought in Europe and Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was treated.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk could not attend the opening of the Turkish Grand National Assembly on 1 November 1938 due to his illness. Unfortunately, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who could not respond to the treatments applied, died on Thursday, November 10, 1938 at 09:05 in the morning of 09:05 in the Dolmabahçe Palace, located in the borders of Beşiktaş district of Istanbul, with his last breath.
What happened on November 10, 1938?
On November 16, 1938, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s coffin was placed on a catafalk covered with the Turkish flag and placed in the great ceremonial hall of Dolmabahçe Palace. Everyone who wanted to see Mustafa Kemal Atatürk for the last time came to Dolmabahçe Palace. The funeral of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was sent to the capital Ankara on 20 November 1938 with a great ceremony, pain and sadness.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s funeral was temporarily taken to the Ankara Ethnography Museum with a magnificent ceremony held in Ankara on 21 November 1938. In addition to the public and important Turkish names, many foreign military units from all over the world were present at the ceremony.
Anıtkabir, located in Ankara, the capital of the Republic of Turkey, is the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. On November 10, 1953, the funeral of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was moved to the Anıtkabir built for him and he was buried forever. The construction of Anıtkabir started on 9 October 1944 and was completed on 1 September 1953.