Stating that early diagnosis facilitates treatment in breast cancer, which is the most common type of cancer in women, Bezmialem Vakıf University General Surgery Department Lecturer Prof. Dr. Yeliz Emine Ersoy said, “One out of every 8 women has a lifetime risk of developing breast cancer. Although it is frequently seen in older women, its frequency has increased in young women under the age of 45 in recent years, and one out of every 10 women diagnosed with breast cancer is under the age of 45.
prof. Dr. Yeliz Emine Ersoy, advanced age (50-65 years old), early menstruation, late menopause, never giving birth or having the first birth after the age of 30, long-term birth control pills or high-dose hormone replacement therapy after menopause. , listed the factors that increase the risk of developing breast cancer, especially at a young age, in addition to general breast cancer risk factors such as diet with high-fat foods:
– Breast cancer in close relatives under the age of 45 or ovarian cancer at any age,
– Diagnosis of breast cancer in more than one relative or breast cancer in a male relative,
– Disorders (mutations) in some breast cancer genes (BRCA1 and BRCA2) in the person or their close relatives,
– Radiotherapy to the chest wall or breast in childhood or at a young age,
– Previous diagnosis of breast cancer or detection of changes in previous biopsies that increase the risk of cancer
“Breast cancer seen at younger ages is more difficult to treat”
prof. Dr. Yeliz Emine Ersoy said, “Breast cancers seen at younger ages are more genetic (hereditary) than breast cancers seen in older ages. He continued his words as follows:
“In relation to the applied surgical treatments (especially those requiring removal of both breasts) and chemotherapy; Concerns about body image and fertility, feeling of isolation, financial factors affect younger patients more. Therefore, genetic counseling should be offered to our patients who are diagnosed with breast cancer at a young age, if the breast tissue is to be removed completely, information should be given about plastic surgery options, if they do not have children yet, gynecology consultation should be offered for fertility preservation and they should be directed for psychological support.
“Breast examination should not be neglected”
prof. Dr. Yeliz Emine Ersoy, “For early diagnosis of vital breast cancer (if there is no condition that requires earlier examination, such as a family history of breast cancer, or a suspicious mass detected at an earlier age in the breast), especially after the age of 40, every woman should undergo clinical breast examinations with screening mammograms every year. and should not neglect their own breast examinations on a monthly basis. In cases such as a mass in the breast or armpit, edema in the breast, redness of the breast skin and nipple, collapse, crusting, wounds, bloody or transparent discharge from the nipple, asymmetry in the breasts and change in breast size, breast cancer should be suspected and a physician should be consulted.