American scientists discussed the contribution of the hormone oxytocin to the social skills of autistic children who have difficulties in social interaction.
290 children with autism, ages 3 to 17, participated in the study.
Standard autism assessment tools were used at the beginning, middle and end of the study, in which children were divided into groups according to age and severity of autism symptoms.
In the study, half of the children were given nasal sprays containing oxytocin, while the rest were given no medication.
Of the 290 children, 250 completed the study, which lasted longer than 6 months.
At the end of this period, children who were given the hormone oxytocin were compared with those who used nasal sprays without medication.
At the end of the study, it was determined that the hormone oxytocin had no significant benefit in gaining social skills in children with autism.
The results of the study were published in the “New England Journal of Medicine”.
Difficulty in social interaction and communication are among the important symptoms of autism.
According to the World Health Organization data, one out of every 160 children in the world has autism syndrome.
In a study conducted by US scientists with 17 children in 2013, it was determined that the parts of the brains of children with autism related to social skills work more actively with the effect of the hormone oxytocin.
It is known that naturally produced oxytocin in the body contributes positively to social interaction and increases cooperation and bonding.
Oxytocin, which is secreted at birth and causes the uterus to contract, is also called the “hormone of motherhood, love, affection and compassion”.
Previous research has revealed that oxytocin, which plays an important role in reproduction, during and after childbirth, reduces inflammation.