Pain is a finding. It is not a disease. It’s not pain that needs to be treated, either; It is the elimination of the disease, which is the main cause of the pain, or the repair of the malfunction. Pain that lasts for less than 6 weeks is called Acute Low Back Pain. It may develop after a certain activity or trauma, or it may occur without trauma. Usually, the pain subsides on its own or goes away completely. About 30% of people who have had severe back pain once will have a relapse. However, if it is under control and care, this recurrence risk can be minimized. Low back pain that persists for more than three months is called Chronic Low Back Pain. The existing tissue disorder causes pain by affecting the nerve endings in the environment. The most common thing we see is that diseases that we can easily handle in acute pain period become chronic by lingering in incompetent hands. Being overweight, lifting heavy enough to cause hernia or straining the waist structures, working by bending, sitting for a long time or leaning forward while sitting or doing work or standing, or the same. Staying in the position for a long time, long stressful periods, giving birth many times, doing housework in an inappropriate position for a long time, that is, without a break, not protecting the waist during sexual life cause back problems.
Stress makes it harder for the body to fight disease. People who are sick and stressed may experience pain in their muscles as the body tries to fight inflammation or infection. In addition, anxiety, fear and stress combine to lower immunity and cause muscle, waist, neck, head, and even joint pain. People can try to cope with stress by learning cognitive and coping techniques and avoiding stressful situations if possible. A person may experience muscle aches and pains if they do not get the appropriate nutrients from their diet. Vitamin B12 deficiency is among the factors that cause low back pain. Vitamin D is an important factor especially in ensuring the regular functioning of the muscles. Vitamin D helps with calcium absorption, and a deficiency of this vitamin can cause low calcium. This is a condition that can affect bones and organs in addition to muscles. Severe muscle pain may also occur in individuals who are exposed to dehydration, which means that the body has insufficient water ratio. It is vital to drink enough water to keep the body functioning properly. Because the lack of enough fluid in the body can cause the functions to become inadequate. For this reason, it is necessary to make adequate fluid intake a habit. Insufficient sleep or insufficient rest can give different symptoms on the body. One of them manifests as headache and general body pain. Insufficient sleep can cause people to feel sluggish. Excessive activity can cause muscle strain and pain. Not having a regular exercise routine, starting a new exercise, exercising more intensely or for longer than normal, warming up or not stretching properly can also cause muscle or low back neck pain. Hereditary conditions, infections, other diseases can also cause muscle pain. Anemia, Joint inflammation, Chronic fatigue syndrome, asymmetrical gait (Lumbling), Influenza infections, Fibromyalgia Syndrome, myofascial pain syndrome can be counted among other causes of pain.
Shoulder pain accompanying the limitation of shoulder movements while dressing and undressing and difficulty in bringing the hand to the back indicate shoulder freeze. Shoulder pain caused by nerve damage in the muscles around the shoulder may be accompanied by weakening of muscle strength. Shoulder pain may also develop due to internal organ diseases. Chest diseases, lung and gallbladder diseases can cause shoulder pain. Shoulder impingement syndrome, calcific tendinitis, semi-dislocations of the shoulder, strain pains that develop due to the muscles around the shoulder, myofascial pain syndrome and calcification in the shoulder can cause pain.
Neck hernias, especially in individuals who work at desks and use smart phones, have become a serious problem that affects all age groups, even children and young people. Neck hernia occurs as a result of the soft jelly-like part in the middle and inside of the cartilaginous disc between the vertebrae infiltrating from the surrounding layers and entering the area where it should not be. If the protruding disc material herniates from the middle part of the spinal canal, it can press on the nerves going to the spinal cord, and if it herniates from the side of the canal, it can be painful or painless.
In hernias coming out of the middle part, the person feels pain; may feel in the shoulders, neck, and shoulder blades or back. In hernias close to the side, it may manifest itself with pain, numbness, tingling or a feeling of weakness in the patient’s arm. Pain in the neck, neck, shoulder and back pain, limitation of neck movements, muscle spasm, numbness in the arms and hands, numbness, thinning of the arms, decreased muscle strength in the arms and hands can be seen. All these findings affect people’s lives, making life difficult and even unbearable.