The World Health Organization shows that people will face more visual impairment problems in the coming years. Globally, 1 billion people have a preventable or yet unresolved visual impairment. These 1 billion people have refractive errors (123.7 million), cataracts (65.2 million), glaucoma (6.9 million), corneal opacities (4.2 million), diabetic retinopathy (3 million), and trachoma (2 million). ) as well as those with moderate or severe distance vision impairment or blindness due to age-related near vision impairment (826 million). World Sight Day is celebrated on the second Thursday of October every year to draw attention to this issue globally. According to experts, 80 percent of current visual impairment is treatable and preventable. Özlem Karagöl, who is also the Head of First and Emergency Aid Program at Altınbaş University, drew attention to the importance of first aid, especially in cases that are not congenital and may occur as a result of accidents or injuries.
Stating that it is necessary to protect the eye primarily against the escape of foreign objects, Lecturer. See. Özlem Karagöl explained that dust, coal, insect and insect particles can damage the eyes in her eyelashes, which are as much as metal particles splashed from lathes. He mentioned that especially iron and wood particles can get stuck in the cornea, which is the colored part of the eye, and cause serious problems. He stated that when there are signs and symptoms such as pain or discomfort in the eye, redness, watering, blurred vision, inability to open the eye, itching in the eyelids and eye, it should be considered that a foreign object may have entered the eye. Instructor See. Özlem Karagöl said that if the right intervention is not done, they can even cause vision loss and explained the first aid applications that can be done in the early period.
“EYE NEVER RUBBED AND IT DOESN’T itch”
Instructor See. Özlem Karagöl listed the things to be done within the scope of first aid in eye injuries as follows:
“Make sure your hands are clean, warn the person not to rub their eyes. Open eyelids with fingers to check inside the eye. Gently pull the bottom cover down. Examine each part of the eye carefully. Rinse the eye with clean water at room temperature, starting from the nose and outward. If the foreign body is not visible and the symptoms persist, the possibility that the foreign body may be under the upper eyelid should be considered. Ask the person to hold the upper eyelashes of the eye and pull the upper eyelid over the lower lid. The lower lashes can clear the particle.”
IF A FOREIGN OBJECT IS INSTALLED, NEVER ATTEMPT TO REMOVE
Instructor See. Özlem Karagöl continued her warnings as follows:
“If the foreign body is visible, try to take it in the opposite direction with a clean and soft napkin without touching the colored part of the eye. If anything is stuck or stuck in the eye, eyeball or pupil, do not try to remove it. Cover the eye with a thin gauze or paper cup. Direct the person to the nearest health facility.”