Experts draw attention to the tendency towards plants that consume less water, such as barley and wheat, which are suitable for the structure of the region for agricultural sustainability and efficiency in the Konya Plain, which is in the Konya Closed Basin, which is going through a difficult process due to drought and uncontrolled use of groundwater.
In the Konya Closed Basin, Turkey’s granary, which includes Konya, Isparta, Niğde, Ankara, Aksaray, Nevşehir and Karaman, there is an above-normal drop in groundwater levels this year.
Selçuk University (SU) Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition Lecturer Prof. Dr. Mehmet Zengin said that the farmers who do dry farming in the barren areas of the plain plant wheat or barley for one year and fallow system for the second year, while agriculture is done by rotation in the irrigated areas.
Rich continued his words as follows;
Our irrigated farmers use groundwater. While there is a decrease of 2 meters in groundwater every year, this year the water fall in the Konya Plain reaches 15 meters in some regions.
Despite the conditions, one-third of the plain is irrigated agriculture. Since 2017, the region does not receive much snowfall during the winter months. In January 2017, we went for 4-5 years with the abundance of snow covering our nature like a white quilt for 2.5 months with a thickness of 70 centimeters. Let’s pray that there will be plenty of snow next winter, and that both underground and surface waters will be fed. Therefore, our farmers who live on irrigated agriculture should smile. Without these blessings on the table, we have no chance to live. So how do these blessings come about; with labor, with seeds, with soil, with water.
“It is necessary to turn to plants that consume less water”
In order for the farmer to gain in the long run, he must turn to plants that consume less water. For example, barley and wheat are plants that consume less water. If we reduce the crops such as sugar beet, corn, potatoes and alfalfa, which consume more water, by half, instead increase the cultivation of barley and wheat, which benefit more from winter precipitation and consume less water than others, if the state gives a satisfactory base price to barley and wheat. the farmer will turn to him, our water will remain the same, the farmer will win again. If we are going to protect the farmer, it is necessary to plan planting according to the precipitation and water regime in each basin.