– Hattusa Excavation Director Prof. Dr. Andreas Schachner:
– “It was built later, maybe its height may be different from the original, but since it was built on the original plan, it gives us an idea of the magnificence of Hittite architecture. Therefore, this is a very important experiment.”
– “This repair requires a great deal of labor, but it also gives us an idea of how much effort was needed to build and maintain these walls, to keep the monumental structures alive, in the Hittite period, archaeologically or historically.”
ÇORUM (AA) – KEMAL CEYLAN – The 65-meter-long exemplary Hittite city walls, built from mud bricks in accordance with the original, at the entrance of Hattusa in Boğazkale district of Çorum, the capital of the Hittites, one of the first civilizations of Anatolia, are ready for winter with the work of tens of workers for approximately 2.5 months almost every year. is being done.
The excavation director of the period, Prof. Dr. Under the leadership of Jürgen Seeher and sponsored by the Japan-based company JTI, work was started in 2003 to build a 65-meter-long fortification south of the ruins in order to embody the urbanization and architectural features of the Hittites.
In order to raise 1 percent of the 7-kilometer-long city wall surrounding the ruins, approximately 2,700 tons of clay soil, 100 tons of straw and 1500 tons of water were used to produce 64 thousand mudbrick bricks, each measuring 34 kilograms and 45 x 45 x 10 centimeters. Three 8-meter-high city walls and two 12-meter-high towers, built at the end of years of work, were opened to visitors with a ceremony attended by Atilla Koç, the Minister of Culture and Tourism of the time.
The Hittite walls, which were built to show the visitors how magnificent cities the Hittites built about 3 thousand years ago, became one of the symbols of Çorum over time.
Social and cultural activities are held in the open area in front of the Hittite walls, where tourists take souvenir photos in front of them.
Hittite walls, which are shown as one of the most important examples of experimental archeology, inform the world of archeology in terms of measuring the construction of the walls about 3,000 years ago and the maintenance of these walls.
The current Excavation Director of Hattusa Ruins Prof. Dr. Andreas Schachner told Anadolu Agency (AA) that they carry out maintenance works almost every year on the walls built 15 years ago. He also said that it helped them to have an idea about it.
Stating that repair work is carried out for approximately 2.5 months every year with master workers in adobe workmanship, Schachner said, “Since our walls are built of mud brick made of clay dried in the sun, they need to be repaired almost every year. We both replace the deteriorated adobe bricks, renew the deteriorated parts and at the same time refill the necessary places. This is how we prepare for the winter season.” said.
– “Repair requires a great deal of effort and labor”
Stating that they had the opportunity to obtain some information about the Hittites with the maintenance work, Schachner said, “This repair requires a huge labor force. It also gives us an idea of how much effort it takes to keep it afloat. Therefore, although these efforts have a lump sum in terms of labor, they have historically such a return.” he said.
Stating that the repair works were completed by the end of September, Schachner said, “Clay mud does not dry enough in cool weather, which causes other problems in the winter months. Therefore, we have to finish it in September.” used the phrase.
Schachner said that the city wall, which was built according to the data obtained during the excavations, was adopted by the people of Çorum and that he was happy to be a source of inspiration for some structures for local modern architecture, such as the construction of a hotel in the form of a city wall in Boğazkale.
– “This is just a sampling”
Underlining that only 1% of the wall surrounding the ruins was rebuilt, Schachner said:
“It was built later, maybe its height may be different from the original, but since it was built on the original plan, it gives us an idea of the splendor of Hittite architecture. Therefore, this is a very important trial. Also, it should remain as a trial. “We are creating something. This is just an illustration. It is there to say, ‘The Hittite city could be like this,’ but we cannot say it is 100 percent. Our work has been adopted and inspired modern practices. Thus, it has become a symbol of Çorum.”