Urology Specialist Prof. Dr. Serkan Altınova said that urinary incontinence impairs the quality of life of the individual. Altınova stated that urinary incontinence in women may occur during pregnancy and childbirth, but most of them return to normal shortly after delivery. Altınova stated that smoking, excessive consumption of coffee and tea, and some drugs (sedatives and some antidepressants) increase urinary incontinence, adding that factors such as obesity and chronic constipation and menopause are among the causes of urinary incontinence.
‘ THERE ARE 4 DIFFERENT TYPES OF URINE INCONTINENCE’
prof. Dr. Altınova listed four different types of urinary incontinence and said: “Stress Urinary Incontinence (stress urinary incontinence); It is seen in situations where intra-abdominal pressure increases such as coughing, sneezing, sudden standing up and straining. In addition, the majority of women presenting with this type of incontinence may also have partial or severe sagging of the uterus and urinary bladder. For type 2, Urge Incontinence (urge incontinence); It is the incontinence of urine and the inability to reach the toilet together with the sudden feeling of urination. As a result of the uncontrolled contractions of the bladder, the frequency of urination increases day and night due to the feeling of urgent need to urinate. Mix Incontinence (mixed urinary incontinence); It is the coexistence of two other species. Overflow Incontinence (overflow type urinary incontinence), which is one of the last types of urinary incontinence, is the situation where the bladder fills due to insufficient contraction and overflows because it cannot empty. This is seen in neurological diseases.”
URINARY INCONTINENCE TREATMENTS
prof. Dr. Serkan Altınova also said about the treatment of urinary incontinence, “There are two different treatments. Conservative treatment method is the reduction of foods such as diet and lifestyle changes, regulation of daily fluid intake (Alcoholic and caffeinated drinks, spicy foods, artificial sweeteners). If overweight, losing weight and quitting smoking are effective in all types of urinary incontinence. Bladder training is also a situation in which you are taught to urinate at specific times. Pelvic floor muscle exercises (kegel exercises) are taught to contract the muscles surrounding the vagina and breech together as if it will stop the urine and stool output. For surgical treatment, in which there is a successful improvement of around 90 percent in urinary incontinence, extra urinary incontinence is prevented by surgically suspending the urinary bladder and correcting the angle between the urinary neck. There are different surgical methods available to correct sagging and angle defect. This type of hanging surgery provides a highly successful recovery.