According to the news of the Chinese news agency Xinhua, the amendment to the Population and Family Planning Law was approved by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress.
The amendment will take effect after President Xi Jinping approves it.
The Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the country’s main political decision-making body, decided to “support couples who want to have a third child” at its meeting on May 31.
In a statement made after the meeting chaired by Xi, it was noted that the decision “aims at improving China’s population structure, effectively responding to the aging population problem, and maintaining the country’s human resource advantage.”
Abandoning the “one child” policy
The amendment marks a return to the “one child” policy adopted by the Beijing administration in 1980 to control population growth.
The “one child” policy implemented in China since the 1980s had greatly reduced the population growth with the country’s economic development and urbanization. However, over time, this decrease revealed the problem of the aging population and led to a decrease in the share of the working-age population.
In 2013, the Chinese government flexed its policy by allowing parents from single-child families to have a second child.
Population growth rate is slowing down
According to the 10-year census results announced in May, the mainland population of China, which was 1 billion 339 million 724 thousand 852 in 2010, reached 1 billion 411 million 778 thousand 724 in 2020.
While the population increased by 72 million in 10 years; The annual average increase was 5.3 per thousand.
The number of births in the country decreased by 18 percent in 2020 compared to the previous year.