Today is the first solar eclipse of the year. It will be held in a solar eclipse kusuf prayer followed with interest. Although the words kusuf and husuf are used interchangeably about solar and lunar eclipses, the word kusuf for solar eclipse and husuf for lunar eclipse has become widespread in the literature of fiqh and astronomy.
WHAT IS THE KUSUF PRAYER AND WHEN IS IT PERFORMED?
The kusuf prayer is performed during the solar eclipse. Kusuf in the dictionary means to cover, to darken. Although there are some narration differences between them in hadith sources, when the sun was eclipsed, Hz. There are many hadiths stating that the Prophet led the kusuf prayer. In these hadiths, the Messenger of Allah kept the recital long during this prayer, addressing the congregation after the sun came out when he completed the prayer, saying, “The moon and the sun are signs that show the existence and might of Allah. They are not eclipsed due to the death or birth/birth of anyone. When you see the eclipse of the sun or the moon, pray and pray until it comes out,” and in some narrations, it is stated that the Messenger of Allah wanted to utter takbir, give alms and free a slave when these two events were witnessed (Bukhari, “Kusuf”, 1, 2, 6, 9, 15, 17, 19; “Bed?ü’l-?al?”, 4; “?It?”, 3; Muslim, “Küsuf”, 1-4, 10, 29; Nesâî, “Küsuf “, 10).
HOW MANY REKATS OF KUSUF PRAYER, HOW TO PERFORM?
The kusuf prayer can be performed in congregation or alone without the adhan or iqama. However, according to the majority of jurists, it is more virtuous to be performed in congregation. The time of this prayer, which can also be performed by people in the expeditionary state, is the period of time that lasts from the beginning of the solar eclipse to its end. According to a narration from Hanafis, Hanbalis and Imam Malik, kusuf prayer is not performed if it coincides with one of the times when it is makruh to pray. In this case, instead of prayer, tasbih, tahlil and istighfar are occupied. Imam Shafii and Ahmad b. According to a narration from Hanbal, this prayer can be performed at any time. According to another view from Imam Malik, it is not permissible to perform the kusuf prayer after zawal time. The kusuf prayer that is not performed on time will not be made up.
The intention is made as “I intend to perform the two rakat Kusuf Prayer for the sake of Allah” and the Iftitah Takbir is said by saying “Allahu Akbar” and the prayer begins. Subhaneke is recited. Euzu-Basmele is drawn. Surah Fatiha is read. A surah is read from the Qur’an. Go to Ruku. Go to Secde. Straightening up, one goes to Sajde again.
Standing up and standing still. Basmala is read. Surah Fatiha is read. A surah is read from the Qur’an. One goes to Ruku. Go to Secde. Straightening up, one goes to Sajde again. Sitting down, the prayers of Ettahiyyatu and Allahumme salli, Allahumme Bârik and Rabbenâ are read. The prayer is completed by saluting to the right and to the left, saying “Es salamu aleykum ve rahmatullah”.
THE WISDOM OF KUSUF PRAYER
By comparing it to the kusuf prayer, flood, earthquake, storm, etc. There are also those who state that it is mustahab to perform a prayer similar to this prayer in times of natural disasters. As a matter of fact, it is reported that Ibn Abbas performed such a prayer during the earthquake. However, the majority, including Imam Malik and Imam Shafii, do not agree with this view.
As it is understood from the narrations on the subject, being busy with prayer, supplication and remembrance of Allah during solar and lunar eclipses is only for Hz. In addition to showing obedience to the Sunnah of the Prophet, such events rarely occur in people, such as eliminating the fear and anxiety by taking shelter in Allah, remembering the real creator, expressing their gratitude to Him, and demanding goodness from Him. includes benefits.
What time is the solar eclipse? Will the solar eclipse be watched from Turkey?